The light from the sun provides a consistent and stable source of energy throughout the year. Unlike other resources which are set to decline in the near future, there several energy sources which are renewable. Eg: Hydropower, biomass, sunlight, wind etc. The benefit of solar energy is its simplicity to deploy with basic setup. Most common source utilize photovoltaic cells to convert sunlight into electricity. They use semi-conductor to absorb radiation from sunlight and emit electrons which will be extracted as electricity.
Advantages of Solar
- Indefinitely renewable (for the foreseeable future).
- generate electricity
- Heating water
- Sunlight reflectors or skylights reduce energy expenditure required to light rooms during the day.
- Panels also require little maintenance.
- Solar power takes advantage of net metering, which is the practice of crediting homeowners for electricity they produce and return to the power grid.
- Solar energy does not cause pollution.
- Solar energy can be used in remote areas where it is too expensive to extend the electricity power grid.
- Very reliable due to the fact that they actively create electricity in just a few millimeters and do not require any type of mechanical parts that can fail.
- It is estimated that the world’s oil reserves will last for 30 to 40 years.
- Solar energy offers decentralization in most (sunny) locations, meaning self-reliant societies.